Silicone Adhesive RTV & Heat Cure

ACC RTV Silicone Sealants

RTV Silicone adhesive cures at room temperature to form a flexible yet strong bond to most substates

For Electronics use Neutral Cure Silicone - ACC manufacture Acetone and Alkoxy adhesives

  • Non Corrosive
  • UL approved Grades
  • MIL Specification high strength
  • Excellent adhesion

Mouse Click 2for neutral cure non-corrosive adhesives


Thermally Conductive silicone adhesiveFor effective thermal transfer use ACC SILCOTHERM silicone adhesives

  • High thermal conductivity up to 2.3W/mK
  • UL approved grades
  • Safe for use with high power electronics

Mouse Click for thermally conductive adhesives

 


High-Temp--Silicone-web-2 Silicone RTV adhesives can withstand very high temperatures

  • Temperature range -60 to +315 ºC
  • Excellent adhesion
  • Suitable for automotive underbonnet applications

Mouse Click 2 for high temperature adhesives

 


Mil-Spec-Adhesives Extreme conditions demand very high performance silicones. ACC MIL Specification adhesives meet such demands

  • Meet MIL-A-46146B specifications
  • Neutral cure
  • High strength
  • High temperature +315ºC

Mouse Click 2 for MIL specification adhesives



 
ACC Silicones Silcoset adhesives have been approved for use in aerospace application for over 30 years.

  • Rolls-Royce and BAE approved
  • High temperature resistance
  • MOD approved

Mouse Click 2 for SILCOSET adhesives


Fast cure silicone adhesiveFast cure 2-Part Silicone RTV's will speed up production and reduce costs

  • Accelerated fast cure at room temperature
  • Excellent adhesion
  • Thermally conductive
  • UL approved

Mouse Click 2 for fast cure 2-part RTV's


Heat cured 1-part silicone adhesives can reduce production time and improve output

  • 1-part no need for expensive mixing equipment
  • Neutral cure non-corrosive
  • Thermally conductive

Mouse Click 2 for 1-part Heat cured adhesives


General Information for Silicone Adhesives

Silicone elastomers in general have these general physical properties;

  • Wide operating temperature range -115 to 300ºC
  • Excellent electrical properties
  • Flexibility
  • UV resistance
  • Good chemical resistance
  • Resistant to humidity and water
  • No or low toxicity

Silicone adhesive sealants use two basic silicone chemistries:

Firstly, condensation cure, which uses moisture in the atmosphere to trigger the curing process this will take place at room temperature. These are commonly referred to as RTV's, meaning Room Temperature Vulcanising.  These are normally supplied as 1-part systems although they can be formulated as 2-parts for specialist applications.

Secondly, addition cure, which requires heat to initiate the curing process, this technology can be supplied as either 1 or 2-part systems

RTV Silicone Adhesive Sealants

This type of silicone chemistry is the most widely used in the formulating of silicone adhesives sealant utilising the moisture in the atmosphere to react with chemical cross linkers, thereby enabling the formation of a silicone elastomer. They are normally described in terms of the small amount of the chemical by-product produced during the reaction

The most common systems are:       
      Acetoxy 
      Oxime
      Alkoxy or Methoxy  
      Acetone

All these alternative cure mechanisms will lead to the formation of an elastic and relatively tough silicone rubber however, some of the final physical properties of these rubbers will be substantially different.  The chemical by-products have an impact on the products suitability for certain applications and will also affect the way the adhesive can be handled from a Health and Safety standpoint.

Cure Mechanism

By- Product

Advantages

Disadvantages

Acetoxy

Acetic Acid

Good Adhesion                      
High Temperature +300ºC
Fast Cure (3mm 4-14 hrs

Corrosive
Pungent Odour

Acetone

Acetone

Non-Corrosive
Good Adhesion                      
High Temperature +300ºC
Fast Cure (3mm 8-24 hrs)
No H&S Issues

Not Suitable for Acrylics or Polycarbonate

Alkoxy / Methoxy

Ethanol or Methanol

Good Adhesion                      
Non- Corrosive

Slow Cure      
Max Temperature +220ºC

Oxime

Methylethylketoxime

Good Adhesion to Plastics
Low Corrosive

H&S Issues    
Low Exposure Levels


As the above chart shows, each curing system has some advantages and disadvantages.  It is therefore, important to consider the materials being used, the operating environment and the production methods employed before you select your RTV.  Acetone cure silicones are the latest addition to the ACC Silicones adhesive product range and due to their technical advantages they are now being specified for a wide variety of applications.

RTV's are extremely flexible and user friendly.  Application can be made using hand held tubes and cartridge guns or fully automated dispensing systems working form bulk storage in pails or drums.  It is not possible to adjust cure speeds using heat; using temperatures above 40ºC during the curing process can have detrimental effects, cure speed and skin over time is a feature of the chemical formulation.  However, it is possible to adjust the curing regime through changes to the chemistry and ACC have successfully tailored many formulations to meet individual customer's requirements, subject to commercial considerations.  ACC have produced an accelerator that can be mixed with Acetoxy adhesives prior to dispensing which will accelerate 3mm full cure from 7hrs down to 90 minutes.

1-Part condensation cure (RTV) products should not be used to produce a seal more than 10mm thick, because the silicone will cure to form a moisture proof membrane which will prevent any curing below 10mm.  If it is necessary to create a seal greater than 10mm, the seal should be built up in layers of approx 5mm, allowing time for each section to cure before applying the next layer.

Correct storage is important as exposure to moisture will induce premature curing of the adhesive.

1-Part Addition Cure

These heat cured silicone adhesive sealants are particularly useful where production methods demand very fast cure times or when there is a need to apply the material and have a delay before curing, perhaps to carry out other assembly procedures.

The chemistry used is based upon a platinum catalyst which is, in effect, retarded and only starts to work when heat is applied.  Most 1-part addition cures require temperatures above 80ºC to cure the material, by elevating the temperature the cure speed will increase to a maximum temperature of approx .

Adhesion is normally a little harder to achieve using these materials when compared with RTV's. Adhesion promoters are added to improve adhesion but these normally require the use of higher temperatures for slightly longer periods of time.  For example, a typical adhesive may cure after 30 minutes at 100ºC while elevating the temperature to150ºC for 30 minutes will ensure adequate adhesion to the substrate.

The platinum catalyst is susceptible to attack from certain chemical compounds which in turn will lead to inhibition of cure, resulting in a partially cured product.  Bringing the uncured material into contact with the following chemical compounds should be avoided during the manufacturing process; nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus, arsenic, organotin catalysts, PVC stabilizers; epoxy resin catalysts, sulphur vulcanised rubbers, and condensation cure silicone rubbers.  * It is worth noting that ACC Alkoxy,  RTV's do not cause inhibition.

Physical Properties

The physical properties of both addition and condensation cure silicones can be modified by adjusting the formulation.  Some of these properties affect the uncured material and are usually factors which are determined by the production process or product design.  Other properties relate to the cured adhesive or elastomer and  functionality or operating conditions.Flowable RTV Adhesive

Some of the physical properties are interrelated so adjustments made to accommodate one parameter may impact upon another property. Many of the physical properties can be adjusted and the list below summarises some of the basic properties and what they define.  ACC routinely test their materials using a wide variety of test methods.

Uncured Material

Rheology - defining the flow characteristics of the uncured material.

Paste - a non slump material that maintains its profile

Flowable - a liquid that will find its own level

Semi-flowable - displays a limited amount of fluidity

Thixotropic - flows when under pressure but will then hold its profile

Viscosity - measures the force required to move the uncured liquid.

Viscosity will affect the ability of the material to flow in and around a component and its suitability for automatic dispensing systems.

Skin time - Time taken for the material to form a touch dry skin on its surface.

Skin time is an important measurement as the adhesive must be in contact with any surface that you require it to adhere to before it starts to skin over.

Cure time - Time taken for a given section of adhesive to cure through.

With all RTV's the chemical reaction will continue after the given cure time for several days, before all the given physical properties have been reached.  For this reason, caution is needed before testing or exerting undue demands on the adhesive, although the product may be ready for use or the next part of the production process, sufficient time should be allowed for all the physical properties to develop.

Addition cured adhesive will be fully cured and have all their physical properties once the initial cure has been achieved.

Cured Elastomer

Hardness - the final hardness of a cured rubber.

This will affect its suitability for use as a compression gasket, its ability to withstand thermal expansion or suppress vibration.

Elongation - the percentage of elongation before the cured rubber snaps

Tear - force required to tear a sheet of cured elastomer, after a small cut has been made. 

Tensile Strength - force required to break the cured elastomer when under tension.

Temperature Resistance - the range within which the adhesive will retain its physical properties.

The ability to withstand very wide ranges of temperature is closely linked to the choice of silicone polymer and the cross linking system used however, increased temperature resistance can be achieved through the addition of special fillers such as iron oxide

Thermal Conductivity - measuring the capacity of the elastomer to transmit heat.

By adding specialist fillers to the silicone polymers it is possible to produce adhesives that will dissipate heat

Electrical Conductivity - measuring the amount of electrical resistance.

Silicones are by nature electrical insulators with high resistivity but through the addition of conductive fillers it is possible to produce materials that will conduct, or dissipate electricity.

For further specific application details refer to ACC Silicones Application Sheet

Silcoset RTV Silicone Adhesive

The Silcoset brand name has an enviable reputation within the aerospace industry.  Originally manufactured by ICI Chemicals over 25 years ago, these Acetoxy based silicone RTV's were some of the first to be developed for very high specification applications. Rolls Royce Aerospace has been specifying their use in their aero engines for many years, being selected for their ability to withstand temperatures of - 60ºC to +300ºC.

They are also approved for use by NATO and the MOD

The Silcoset Range has the following approvals:

 

AFS

NATO

RR MSRR

Silcoset 151

1540B

5970-99-224-1408

9085

Silcoset 152

1540B

8030-99-225-0551

9146

Silcoset 153

1543B

8030-99-225-0471

9410

Silcoset 158

1540B

 

9146

ACC Silicones have been manufacturing the Silcoset range for over 20 years and continue to build on their knowledge and develop this and other silicone chemistry under its own ACC brand.

 

ACC Silicones Ltd, Amber House, Showground Rd, Bridgwater, TA6 6AJ
Tel: +44 (0) 1278 411400 Fax: +44 (0) 1278 411444